5. Innovative design

Innovative Design explores the current premises for socially sustainable agile and dwelleroriented design and develops innovative architectural solutions for urban and housing design.

Innovative Design subproject first examines four primary themes that need to be taken into account in order to be able to create agile housing and urban design solutions. Processing these themes in cooperation with other subprojects and stakeholders SP5 produces novel knowledge. Based on this knowledge and utilising research by design methodology SP5 provides novel and viable proposals of such solutions.

First phase (co-design)

In the first phase (co-design) SP5 together with other subprojects explores these themes and questions:

  • (Multi)cultural variables: What are the major cultural and intercultural changes in relation to housing? What kind of needs and desires are emerging currently? How can various cultural differences and preferences be taken into account in an inclusive way in design process and design outcomes?
  • Digitalization & participation: How can digitalization be used to spread decisionmaking to grass-root level and to serve the everyday housing and working needs of the dwellers? What kind of architecture is naturally responsive to the digital involvement of dwellers? In addition, which qualitative features are valued by the residents and how these features can be realised in housing?
  • Shared spaces: What kind of new forms of shared spaces and common spaces are emerging in housing? What uses can these new forms accommodate? What kind of architectural design concepts should be developed to enable new ways of sharing and using?
  • Flexibility: What flexible space concepts and spatial solutions of various scales are relevant in contemporary urban housing? What kinds of building processes and ownership arrangements do these concepts and solutions require? In this theme we utilise and develop Tarpio’s theory of spatial logics which is based on the principles of adaptability and transformability.

In the first phase SP5 will also conduct an international case study of 12-20 new housing projects in Europe.  The selected projects provide innovative solutions on themes 2, 3, and 4. These case studies will be matched with the foresight process of Future City subprojec

Second phase (co-creation)

SP5 develops several agile housing and urban design solutions by using the following starting points:

  1. in creating agile housing or agile environment spatial and architectural features are important aspects
  2. however, they are not the only aspects that matter but there are several other aspects that should be considered simultaneously in order to achieve true agility

Important aspects that need to be considered are

  • spatial solutions related to housing and working
  • mode of user participation and role of dwellers in building process
  • mode of development and  spatial concept of flexibility
  • roles of the architect and other designers
  • building process, solutions in structural design and building services
  • possession and ownership of dwellings and related common spaces and mode of maintenance

In the second phase SP5 will focus on developing frames for agile housing. By this we mean the ensemble achieved by the inclusion of the crucial aspects of agility mentioned above. In this part the method of research will be research by design (RbD). Several frames will first be sketched on conceptual level. These preliminary frames will be evaluated and discussed with the key stakeholders of DAC and further developed (key discussion partners SATO, KOVA and The Building Information Foundation RTS sr).

After the sketching period the frames will be tested in the physical locations of the DAC project. 3-6 test cases will be conducted. One of the test cases is the group home of older people in Tampere (Hervanta) agreed tentatively with the city of Tampere and done in cooperation with SP2, Social Diversity. Other test cases will be chosen during the research and in co-design process with the project stakeholders, especially with KOVA and SATO.

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